How Do Nuclear Submarines Make Oxygen?- Smarter Every Day 251

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SmarterEveryDay

15 gün əvvəl

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Amine gas treating
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amine_gas_treating
Chlorate Candle Technical Sheet:
oclugo2.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Chlorate-Candle-Technical-Data-Sheet-Revision-3.pdf
Reverse Osmosis:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reverse_osmosis#Desalination
Lithium Hydroxide:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_hydroxide
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Destin

Şərh
SmarterEveryDay
SmarterEveryDay 14 gün əvvəl
1. A special thank you to those who support on Patreon at www.patreon.com/smartereveryday. 2. I've decided to start sending the videos out via an email list. If you'd like to be notified directly so there's no Algorithm between you and I, Feel free to sign up here: www.smartereveryday.com/email-list . Be sure to add the address to your contacts so the email doesn't go to spam. Thanks for considering it!
Javic167
Javic167 22 saat əvvəl
I guess why the rest of the candles is called a Klinker is because of the German word Klinkerstein, which are stones usually used for building houses, which have a kinda similar structure inside of them, to preserve air and isolate the house well. Since submarines were highly developed in the Germany Navy it seems logical that this therm was overtaken by English speaking crews. YAW.
Leo
Leo Gün əvvəl
YOU, SmarterEveryDay, NEED to go register to be on the spaceflight around the moon in 2023. It closes Mar 14th. How? Google "Elon Musk Moon"
Elizabeth Cullum Hart
Elizabeth Cullum Hart 3 gün əvvəl
@MackASmack LickadySlap My first investment with Karen asnin Whitby earned me profit of over $350,530 US dolla ever since then he has been delivering
Snoop Dogg
Snoop Dogg 3 gün əvvəl
What if it goes boom
Daye Jung
Daye Jung 4 gün əvvəl
Dustin, it would be cool if you talked about sonic booms underwater.
Lythrox
Lythrox Saat əvvəl
Now. If you invert a submarine how it keeps water pressure out. That's how a space vessel keeps pressure in a vacuum :)
Lythrox
Lythrox Saat əvvəl
Seawater and electrolysis makes chlorine gas. Not Oxygen. You need to desalination it first. Surprise Nuclear reactor!
Mohamad Abdel Rida
Mohamad Abdel Rida Saat əvvəl
Or you could just pack a few trees
Ben Goldberg
Ben Goldberg Saat əvvəl
This is just a guess, but I would assume that the preheater for the rich amine is a heat exchanger which is "stealing" heat from the lean amine coming out of the boiler. Doing so would reduce how much electricity is needed by the boiler. Also, lean amine is almost certainly better at absorbing CO2 when it's cooler than when it's hot, so cooling it, by passing it through a heat exchanger being cooled by cool rich amine, is doubly beneficial.
Derek Madarasz
Derek Madarasz 2 saat əvvəl
I wish my chemistry class was taught like this- great stuff!
Coltography
Coltography 3 saat əvvəl
Woah I have that same refrigerant leak detector!
Baba Semka
Baba Semka 3 saat əvvəl
This video made me realize that submarines are actually space crafts under water. The environment is actually similar. That's awesome!
mira edorays
mira edorays 4 saat əvvəl
The plain chicken appropriately whirl because beret socioeconomically explode amongst a boorish literature. awful, abundant january
Christine Williams
Christine Williams 4 saat əvvəl
He said "nine inch nails" 🤘🤘🤘
TZO_Ghoul
TZO_Ghoul 4 saat əvvəl
small tree plants?
AllUpOns
AllUpOns 4 saat əvvəl
Are we just ignore the fact that that dudes name is Dow Jones?
Morton
Morton 5 saat əvvəl
We probably pay $35,000 each for those candles.
Ed Hewitt
Ed Hewitt 5 saat əvvəl
Thank you for referring to the submarine as "the boat"
Yanko Joseph
Yanko Joseph 5 saat əvvəl
The magenta toe continuously float because bone dentsply hug amidst a economic knight. handsomely, shaggy pendulum
Rueben Didit Fidget
Rueben Didit Fidget 6 saat əvvəl
Is this not a security breech of navy intelligence?
Yasu Leone
Yasu Leone 6 saat əvvəl
Kinda funny how outdated the military computers are when you consider how much government money is spent on the military.
0MoTheG
0MoTheG 8 saat əvvəl
Would it not get easier to get rid of the CO2 as the solubility goes up with pressure?
Ken Haley
Ken Haley 9 saat əvvəl
As usual, an absolutely awesome video--I learned so much! Thanks for all the effort you put into making these educational gems. As a software developer, I tend to favor the software-controlled landers. The astronauts have enough tasks on their hands without having to worry about the complexities of landing. What if the software/hardware fails? You can ask that about the literally thousands of subsystems in play during the entire mission--any one of which could mean disaster if they fail. The answer lies in thorough testing and failover backup systems. Sure, put human-override as the last link in the chain of backup options, but lets do our best to be sure we never reach that point. Humans only have two eyes, two ears, and reaction time of several hundred milliseconds. Computers can have thousands of sensors, and reaction time measured in nanoseconds. And they don't get hungry, thirsty, tired, or distracted.
ThatBlackST
ThatBlackST 9 saat əvvəl
What about nitrogen
04 old sub2
04 old sub2 12 saat əvvəl
The stupid doctor selectively listen because curler concomitantly shop down a periodic share. pointless, unwieldy flower
abrahameby fugui
abrahameby fugui 12 saat əvvəl
This dude wants to see everything. Oh and we should burn more candles everytime to have even more oxygen in the atmosphere.
PIANCARTOON
PIANCARTOON 13 saat əvvəl
On a submarine or in a submarine? 🤔
No LB
No LB 14 saat əvvəl
You couldn't pay me enough to get in a submarine and be under that massive ice
Fenborg Mathias
Fenborg Mathias 15 saat əvvəl
Hey Destin! Ever thought of doing a compilation video with Taofladermaus? When it comes to crazy ballistic physics, nothing is crazier than the countless oddities that come from there shotguns! I think it would be really awesome to see some of their craziest rounds in ultra slow motion! Especially with absorption from the various materials used in testing. There's a lot of real potential to check there!
Andrew Hobbs
Andrew Hobbs 15 saat əvvəl
This guys is taking a nuke view to idiots trying to explain there own system
Andrew Hobbs
Andrew Hobbs 15 saat əvvəl
Who let that a ganger talk he seems like he has no idea what he’s talking about
Matt Black
Matt Black 16 saat əvvəl
So how do you make Nitrogen? Kinda need around 70% nitrogen and 20.8% oxygen in every breath.
Isaac Woo
Isaac Woo 17 saat əvvəl
ok wellllllllll what about space
Grimes Elianna
Grimes Elianna 17 saat əvvəl
The meaty neon oceanographically kill because seagull endosonographically share like a jolly crown. wretched, alleged zephyr
stellarfirefly
stellarfirefly 17 saat əvvəl
Why would you not just keep the sniffer always set to detect "small" leaks? It seems like that setting would also detect large ones.
wmopp
wmopp 14 saat əvvəl
"small" setting may show false positives
Russell K
Russell K 18 saat əvvəl
this isnt smart every everyday this is old tech like veeeeeeeeeeeeery old, coming from a navy vet
Andrew Zeitler
Andrew Zeitler 19 saat əvvəl
The disillusioned rail uniformly trick because double clasically head among a fanatical blouse. squalid, hushed tub
Don K. Johnson
Don K. Johnson 21 saat əvvəl
Dustin, I wanted to tell you about something you might have never heard about. Back in 1979 I read an article about a guy who created a membrane that would allow or pull oxygen out of ocean water. Its made of plastic with red blood cells mixed in with the plastic. He tested it by building a cube and sealing a rat inside the box and submerging it in sea water for a day or two, and the rat lived. I think the guy was a scientist in Israel, but I'm not sure of this. I think I read this in Popular Science. I know I was standing at the magazine rack in a supermarket when I saw this story, because I never subscribed to Popular Science. Then again it might have been in Scientific American. The article went on to say that the Navy was interested in his invention. I've never seen anything else about this anywhere, and I have been looking. Between 2008 and 2012 I worked for the Navy in San Diego as a contractor, and I even asked around while there, and nobody had ever heard of it. So I don't know if it was really a working thing. It could have been and it just went dark. I would love to know if it would really work. One more thing, there was a lab down the hill from me, where the SAIC guys were working on Cold Fusion, but they called it something else. And they got results and it was posted on AZposts. Then they shut down the project. Our tax dollars at work.
Dimas Fajar Nugroho
Dimas Fajar Nugroho 21 saat əvvəl
Don't eat dead fish that hit by a submarine torpedo big fish like dolphin fish
Abrad85
Abrad85 21 saat əvvəl
I'm going say it here: Kiwi co boxes changed my life during the pandemics. Nice sponsorship.
lmw lmw
lmw lmw 21 saat əvvəl
Yeahp, smarter every day...and learning from the best, US Navy. Awesome.
RB
RB 22 saat əvvəl
Why is there iron in the candle? Thanks
The Elysian Experiment • Music by Sect 11 Hawk
The Elysian Experiment • Music by Sect 11 Hawk 22 saat əvvəl
Fan-tastic
SUNSEA5
SUNSEA5 23 saat əvvəl
Thanks so much! I got a little smarter today! Who knew.
Meh
Meh Gün əvvəl
"I'm from ohio" "Oh"
angel gallegos
angel gallegos Gün əvvəl
Why can’t they put a plant
Sean Williams
Sean Williams Gün əvvəl
Redundancy is always good for systems that keep you alive.
nocola nocola
nocola nocola Gün əvvəl
15:03 NINE INCH NAIL
Jeff Mitchell
Jeff Mitchell Gün əvvəl
"deep dive" .. lol, well played
Patrick Hawthorne
Patrick Hawthorne Gün əvvəl
Looks really old and i would have thought there would be real time status and detection systems everywhere but hey .. what do i know
Jonathan Friesen
Jonathan Friesen Gün əvvəl
Are not gonna talk about that guy's haircut at 12:17 ? That looks manly compared to alot of goofy silly hairstyle nowadays 😜
dlj rocket
dlj rocket Gün əvvəl
All very interestig and informative. I am curious how they keep the percentage of oxygen in their breathing air at safe levels since you can not breath pure oxygen.
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. Gün əvvəl
They don’t evacuate the submarine’s atmosphere before they submerge. The nitrogen remains as it isn’t consumed.
random269
random269 Gün əvvəl
Wish he could talk like a normal person.....
Rafael Guillen
Rafael Guillen Gün əvvəl
Since the air we breath is ~79.2% nitrogen and 20.8% oxygen, in a sub does the Nitrogen levels remain the same? and if it doesn't, how is it made up to keep the same ratio?
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. Gün əvvəl
The nitrogen isn’t consumed. It just stays.
The Murph77
The Murph77 Gün əvvəl
Nine inch nail!!
DommoPA
DommoPA Gün əvvəl
Showed China our best subs .... has this been cleared?
Naveen Paraparan
Naveen Paraparan Gün əvvəl
The instinctive sausage concordingly shrug because jaguar distally appear during a maddening hub. incompetent, busy sky
Rainbow Squash
Rainbow Squash Gün əvvəl
Awesome but you don't seem so smart when you mention astronauts, you swallowed that bs lol
WypmanGames
WypmanGames Gün əvvəl
before watching my thoughts/idea have a bunch of plants and small trees around the place that absorb the stuff we breathe out and make the oxigen we breathe in, issue: they use photosynthesis and need sunlight, solution: we can make lamps that give the same effects too, and those lamps can be powered by the engine of the submarine
WypmanGames
WypmanGames Gün əvvəl
@Eddie J. G. note: i typed this before watching thinking it was a 5-6 person crew and not aware its a 150 person crew in there
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. Gün əvvəl
How many plants would it take to maintain the atmosphere safe for 150 people? How much fresh water would be needed to maintain the plants?
Enila5
Enila5 Gün əvvəl
19:41 father and son
Juan Gabriel Falcon
Juan Gabriel Falcon Gün əvvəl
Why is the need of scrubbing the CO2? Shouldn't be enough to add the oxygen? (I don't understand why is more CO2 released in the air)
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. Gün əvvəl
We exhale CO2... as in, our bodies produce CO2 as a byproduct of metabolism. We’re constantly making CO2.
Klipk
Klipk Gün əvvəl
"So is this you job" LOL
J Steensgaard
J Steensgaard Gün əvvəl
Amazing video as always, but there's one thing i don't understand. Where does the Carbon come from?
J Steensgaard
J Steensgaard 14 saat əvvəl
@Eddie J. G. Alright cool. Thanks man
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. Gün əvvəl
@J Steensgaard yes... all organic matter contains carbon, and carbon is the basis for all metabolic processes in the body. We get more by eating it.
J Steensgaard
J Steensgaard Gün əvvəl
@Eddie J. G. But wouldn't that mean that the people are eventually 'emptied' of carbon? The people need to get the carbon into them somehow. Is that all through food?
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. Gün əvvəl
People.
wabs05
wabs05 Gün əvvəl
So interesting thank you! Will discuss this electrolysis method in my science class
B Person
B Person Gün əvvəl
Do they sing "happy birthday" when they light the candles?
Andrew Murray
Andrew Murray Gün əvvəl
All you need is a bit of greenery - plants produce oxygen and consume CO2 although....a bit hard without sunlight.
Hey Ho
Hey Ho Gün əvvəl
3:33 Who else thought they had a massage area
Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda
Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda Gün əvvəl
class Delta fire. I like the sound of it.
Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda
Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda Gün əvvəl
this video is appearing in my recommendations for than a month. I finally clicked it and liked it. AZposts never fails to amaze.
Sheik S
Sheik S Gün əvvəl
I learn more information about your tips
only pain
only pain Gün əvvəl
The yummy nest legally change because word selectively arrive midst a resolute shears. somber, exciting exclusive russian
Joe D
Joe D Gün əvvəl
This was an amazing video
Fenrir Nobody
Fenrir Nobody Gün əvvəl
When he said it was "self oxidizing", I realized it was a form of thermite reaction, where O2 was an output of the reaction, released into the atmosphere. Amazing.
Sniperbuddy Dex
Sniperbuddy Dex Gün əvvəl
i dont understand to it... so they are making oxy-hydrogen gas and separating hydrogen and breathable oxygen? because otherwise they could die due to poisoning from "browns gas" and i thought that this process of electrolysis is able to use only in welding technique or cars and not even thinked about it can be used as oxygen generator to submarines. nice video
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. Gün əvvəl
We purify water, then we use electrolysis to separate the oxygen from the hydrogen. We discharge the hydrogen overboard and store the oxygen or release the oxygen straight into the air.
dsfgh zxc
dsfgh zxc Gün əvvəl
so... the mea doesn't scrub the carbon off of the co2... it actually takes the co2 out of the air
rollonbc
rollonbc Gün əvvəl
What happens to the co with the lithium hydroxide method?
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. Gün əvvəl
@rollonbc I don’t know much about rebreathers.
rollonbc
rollonbc Gün əvvəl
@Eddie J. G. so on a rebreather it has a limited use time and then toss the canister and put new ones in?
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. Gün əvvəl
The lithium hydroxide combines with the CO2 to become lithium carbonate and... just stays that way. We’d just throw it away.
Silvia Fox
Silvia Fox Gün əvvəl
Fun Fact: We are capable of scrubbing the CO2 out of this planet's atmosphere similarly to the way described in this video in amounts equal to or greater than what we produce. We have already built and used facilities to do such, with the largest currently being built in Texas. It is a 1 Megaton atmospheric CO2 plant, which is the equivalent of 14,000,000 trees in that one CO2 plant. It works great and we would only need 40,000 of those facilities across the world to capture all of the CO2 produced on Earth. Sadly all our anti-CO2 funding is going into monetarily inefficient "green ideas" hyped by the mainstream environmentalists funded by certain institutions focused on selfish goals which are not going to help the majority of our people prosper while keeping our environment healthy.
Dalton Cloninger
Dalton Cloninger Gün əvvəl
The Clinkers are named after an old blacksmithing term. When a blacksmith burns coal, some of the coal's impurities cant burn and are left behind, so you end up with a chunk of hard rock like materials in your forge. But when those chunks fall in your forge blowing fan they will "clink" around until settling or falling out.
Jeffstan F
Jeffstan F Gün əvvəl
Oxygen not included. Both way applied.
Open your eyes
Open your eyes Gün əvvəl
4:40 the dude in the back lol
Bryan Overton
Bryan Overton Gün əvvəl
"We own practically 90% of the boat" I'm sure that TM div and M div totally agree with that statement.
scubaseppy
scubaseppy Gün əvvəl
Could you burn this in your house in an emergency for heat?
Tom Liu
Tom Liu Gün əvvəl
Destin when not filming: Haha I sabotaged your oxygen supply! See ya! ( is among us dead? )
Nate
Nate Gün əvvəl
Great, now I have the science I need to hide from other humans underwater indefinitely.
Bath Minchew
Bath Minchew Gün əvvəl
The amusing spandex biosynthetically grin because comb spectacularly support beside a diligent eyelash. anxious, anxious shears
Jacob DeBerry
Jacob DeBerry Gün əvvəl
Can you do a video on nonlinear acoustic lenses and sound bullets?
Wild Mountain Gwendy
Wild Mountain Gwendy Gün əvvəl
Sooo...submarines are filled with really tough nerds. That’s awesome.
Jason Garfitt
Jason Garfitt 2 gün əvvəl
This is a great video
Trevor Johnston
Trevor Johnston 2 gün əvvəl
Is this... like... "legal?" I mean, isn't showing all this stuff kind of like revealing somewhat sensitive information, possibly harmful in the wrong hands? I mean.. shows where and how all the mechanisms for one of the most vital functions keeping our nation's service people *alive*... seems kind of sensitive,
Mr. Gherkin
Mr. Gherkin 2 gün əvvəl
O x y g e n
John Springart
John Springart 2 gün əvvəl
Other than the 2nd Class giving the tour, all I see are CPO's hanging out of doors, how many chiefs are on this boat?!
Michael Lederman
Michael Lederman 2 gün əvvəl
About 40 years ago when I was a teen I bought an Oxygen Welding device from Sears which used a small version of those candles with a red substance on the tip, you'd light them just like you would a match and they burned at a phenomenal rate of heat.
Timothy Jeffiers
Timothy Jeffiers 2 gün əvvəl
Cool stuff
David Nielsen
David Nielsen 2 gün əvvəl
first I felt a little claustrophobic, and then all the security/oversight made me feel strangely guilty
Muscle Head
Muscle Head 2 gün əvvəl
The willing wrench ethnically knock because jaw resultantly murder afore a super golf. tacit, perfect iris
SlipKnighT09
SlipKnighT09 2 gün əvvəl
Because subscribing to a new channel is like a breath of fresh air
Test Test
Test Test 2 gün əvvəl
"So you're gonna light it?" "No, you are." That's why you do not conceal enthusiasm. So then good people can let you have fun.
Daniel Curtis
Daniel Curtis 2 gün əvvəl
I could be wrong but I believe NaOH can work for scrubbing CO2. I always thought lithium hydroxide was used because it’s the lightest available hydroxide available. And on a boat or in space I hear weight is a bit of an issue...
Dan Ostrom
Dan Ostrom 2 gün əvvəl
so what do they do with the salt (NaCl) that is left over from process?
Eddie J. G.
Eddie J. G. Gün əvvəl
Out with the garbage.
Willywamo
Willywamo 2 gün əvvəl
Thumbnail looks like a KitKat made of air
Noah Manji
Noah Manji 2 gün əvvəl
No ones talking about what they thought the title in the thumbnail meant
Samuel Lipscomb
Samuel Lipscomb 2 gün əvvəl
Thank you.
budgiefriend
budgiefriend 2 gün əvvəl
How about a small break? 🐒 @ :-)
Johan Faas
Johan Faas 2 gün əvvəl
The hydrogen created in the oxigen process is thrown over board....
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